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厦门市2012年初中学业考试说明(英语考纲)

发表日期:2012-5-11 16:03:34 点击:3084次 发布人:管理员 分类:网站公告

一、命题依据

1.教育部颁布的《全日制义务教育英语课程标准(实验稿)》(以下简称《课程标准》);2.2012年福建省初中学业考试英语考试大纲;

3.本年度市教育局颁布的考试要求的有关规定;

4.现行教材《新目标》英语(go for it)的话题功能及词汇特点。

二、命题原则

坚持以学生为本,立足基础,难易适中,听、说、读、写四项技能全面考查。做到思想性、科学性和技术性的统一。正确发挥考试的导向功能,做到有利于激发和培养学生学习英语的兴趣,建立学习英语的成就感和自信心,提高综合语言运用能力;有利于引导教师改进教学和学生学会学习;有利于对初中教学起到正确的导向作用;有利于普通高中招生改革和事业发展。

三、考试目标

1.义务教育阶段的总目标

义务教育阶段英语课程的总体目标是培养学生初步的综合语言运用能力,并通过英语学习促进学生的心智发展,提高学生的综合人文素养,而综合语言运用能力的形成建立在语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等诸方面整体发展的基础之上。语言知识和语言技能是综合语言运用能力的基础;文化意识有利于正确地理解语言和得体地使用语言;积极的情感态度有利于促进学生主动学习和持续发展;有效的学习策略有利于提高学习效率和发展自主学习能力。这五个方面相辅相成,共同促进综合语言运用能力的形成与发展。

2. 分级目标

有较明确的英语学习动机和积极主动的学习态度。能听懂教师有关熟悉话题的陈述并参与讨论。能就日常生活的各种话题与他人交换信息并陈述自己的意见。能读懂相应水平的读物和报刊、杂志,克服生词障碍,理解大意。能根据阅读目的运用适当的阅读策略。能根据提示独立起草和修改小作文。能与他人合作,解决问题并报告结果,共同完成学习任务。能对自己的学习进行评价,总结学习方法。能利用多种教育资源进行学习。进一步增强对文化差异的理解与认识。

(1)语言技能和语言知识

灵活运用语音知识、词汇知识和语法知识,熟练掌握在各种话题语境和功能中的听、说、读、写等语言技能。

 

(2)文化意识

    了解所学语言国家的历史地理、风土人情、传统习俗、生活方式、行为规范、文学艺术、价值观念等,提高跨文化交际的能力。

(3)情感态度

保持积极的学习态度,认识自己学习的优势与不足,乐于与他人合作,养成和谐和健康向上的品格,增强祖国意识,拓展国际视野。

(4)学习策略

形成认知策略、调控策略、交际策略和资源策略等。

四、考试内容

1.语言技能与语言知识

 

级别

技能

目标描述

五级

1.能根据语调和重音理解说话者的意图;

2.能听懂有关熟悉话题的谈话,并能从中提取信息和观点;

3.能借助语境克服生词障碍、理解大意;

4.能听懂接近正常语速的故事和叙述,理解故事的因果关系;

5.能在听的过程中用适当方式做出反应;

6.能针对所听语段的内容记录简单信息。

1.能就简单的话题提供信息,表达简单的观点和意见,参与讨论;

2.能与他人沟通信息,合作完成任务;

3.能在口头表达中进行适当的自我修正;

4.能有效地询问信息和请求帮助;

5.能根据话题进行情景对话;

6.能用英语表演短剧;

7.能在以上口语活动中做到语音、语调自然,语气恰当。

1.能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义;

2.能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系;

3.能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局;

4.能读懂常见体裁的阅读材料;

5.能根据不同的阅读目的运用简单的阅读策略获取信息;

6.能利用字典等工具书进行学习;

7.课外阅读量应累计达到15万词以上。

1.能根据写作要求,收集、准备素材;

2.能独立起草短文、短信等,并在教师的指导下进行修改;

3.能使用常见的连接词表示顺序和逻辑关系;

4.能简单描述人物或事件;

5.能根据所给图示或表格写出简单的段落或操作说明。

 

 

 

级别

知识

目标描述

五级

语音

1.了解语音在语言学习中的意义;

2.在日常生活会话中做到语音、语调基本正确、自然、流畅;

3.根据重音和语调的变化理解和表达不同的意图和态度;

4.根据读音拼写单词和短语。

词汇

1.了解英语词汇包括单词、短语、习惯用语和固定搭配等形式;

2.理解和领悟词语的基本含义以及在特定语境中的意义;

3.运用词汇描述事物、行为和特征,说明概念等;

4.学会使用1600个左右的单词和200~300个习惯用语或固定搭配。

语法

1. 理解课标附录“语法项目表”中所列语法项目并能在特定语境中使用;

2. 了解常用语言形式的基本结构和常用表意功能;

3. 在实际运用中体会和领悟语言形式的表意功能;

4. 理解并运用恰当的语言形式描述人和物;描述具体事件和具体行为的发生、发展过程;描述时间、地点及方位;比较人、物体及事物等。

功能

1.在日常生活中恰当理解和表达问候、告别、感谢、介绍等交际功能;

2.在日常人际交往中有效地进行表达。   (详见课标附录三)

话题

1.熟悉与学生个人、家庭和学校生活密切相关的话题;

2.熟悉有关日常生活、兴趣爱好、风俗习惯、科学文化等方面的话题。

(详见课标附录四)

 

2.文化意识

(1)了解英语交际中常用的体态语,如手势、表情等;

(2)恰当使用英语中不同的称谓语、问候语和告别语;

(3)了解、区别英语中不同性别常用的名字和亲昵的称呼;

(4)了解英语国家中家庭成员之间的称呼习俗;

(5)了解英语国家正式和非正式场合服饰和穿戴习俗;

(6)了解英语国家的饮食习俗;

(7)对别人的赞扬、请求等做出恰当的反应;

(8)用恰当的方式表达赞扬、请求等意义;

(9)初步了解英语国家的地理位置、气候特点、历史等;

(10)了解常见动植物在英语国家中的文化涵义;

(11)了解自然现象在英语中可能具有的文化涵义;

(12)了解英语国家中的个人隐私习俗;

(13)了解英语国家中传统的文娱和体育活动;

(14)了解英语国家中重要的节假日及主要庆祝方式;

(15)关注中外文化异同,加深对中国文化的理解。

3. 情感态度

详见《课标》五级的描述

4. 学习策略

详见《课标》五级的描述

五、试卷结构

 

板   块

题      型

题量

分值

板块总分

 

一、听

I.听音识图

4

6

30

II. 简短对话听音理解

6

9

III. 较长对话或短文理解

6

9

IV. 任务型听音填空题

4

6

二、基础知识

V. 选择填空

15

15

25

VI. 完形填空

10

10

三、读

VII. 阅读理解

25

50

50

四、说

(情景交际运用)

VIII. 根据对话情景,填入恰当的单词

6

6

20

IX. 根据情景提示,填入恰当的短语或句子。

4

8

X. 根据短文情景,填入恰当的短语或句子。

3

6

五、写

XI. 段落编写

1

10

25

XII. 短文写作

1

15

 

六、考试细则

1. 全卷预估难度值:0.65 – 0.70;

全卷预估及格率0.65 – 0.70;

全卷试题易、中、难的比例:7:2:1;

2. 试卷总分:150分;

3. 考试时间:120分钟;其中,听力测试大约需要20分钟左右的时间,听音内容通过厦广交通经济台播放;

4. 考试形式:闭卷笔试,分为试卷与答题纸两部分,考生必须将答案全部做在答题纸上;其中选择题需用2B铅笔填涂,非选择题用黑色签字笔填写;

5. 基本题型:选择题、填空题、写作题,其中选择题均为三选一的单项选择题;

七、题型示例

1. 听音理解

例1

Listen and choose the right pictures.

(听音,选择符合内容情景的图片。听两遍)

                                      

                    A                             B                          C

录音稿:Merry Christmas to you!

【正确选项】B

【测量目标】能听懂有关熟悉话题的谈话,并能从中提取信息和观点。

【考试内容】节假日活动

【预估难度】0.8

例2

Listen to some short dialogues and choose the right answers to the questions you hear.

(听简短对话,然后挑选最佳答案回答所听到的问题。听两遍)

  A. hot.                                            B. cool.                                      C. rainy.

录音稿:

W: Hot today, isn’t it?

M: Yes, chicken leg is burning. I do prefer a cool day.

Q: How’s the weather today?

【正确选项】A

【测量目标】能听懂有关熟悉话题的谈话,并能从中提取信息和观点。

【考试内容】天气

【预估难度】0.54

例3

Listen to a long dialogue and a passage, then choose the right answers to questions 11-16.

(听一篇较长对话和一篇短文,然后选择正确答案作答11 – 16小题。听两遍)

Text A

  11. The lady bought a ______ in the store.

A. shirt                                            B. skirt                                       C. coat

12. Size ______ may fit the lady well.

A. 9                                                B. 11                                         C. 13

13. It cost the lady ______ dollars.

A. 50                                              B. 100                                        C. 150

录音稿:

M:Can I help you?

W:I’d just like to have a look around.

M:Do you like this dress, madam? This is our latest design. Short skirts are very popular now. This one is lovely and smart.

W:I like it very much, but I think I prefer the blue one if it’s not too much trouble.

M:Not at all. I’ll get it for you. Here you are.

W:Size 11 is a little big for me. Would you please give me a smaller size?

M:No problem, wait a moment, please.

W:Thank you.

M:It seems to fit you very well.

W:Yeah, I think so. Well, how much is it?

M:100 dollars for each. But it’s on sale today, so you can take it for only half of the price.

W:All right. I’ll take it.

【正确选项】11. B       12. A      13. A

【测量目标】能听懂接近正常语速的故事和叙述,理解故事的因果关系。

【考试内容】购物

【预估难度】11. 0.6;        12. 0.53         13. 0.65

例4

Listen to a dialogue, then fill in the blanks with the right words.

(听一篇对话,用恰当的单词填空完成67–70小题,每空一词。听三遍)

听音,记录求职信息

 

 

Name

Sun Lin

Graduate from

Peking University

Family

Father is a 67. __________.

Mother is a teacher.

Personality

Get on well with others, 68. __________

Partner wanted

Somebody who is honest, careful and 69. __________

Interests

Listen to music and play 70. __________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

录音稿:

M: May I come in?

W: Yes, please.

M: I am coming to your company for an interview by appointment.

W: Well, tell me a little bit about yourself, please.

M: My name is Sun Lin and I live in Beijing. I was born in 1988. I will graduate from Peking University this July.

W: Would you tell me something about your family?

M: There are three in my family, my parents and I. My father is a doctor and my mother is a teacher.

W: What are you like in your life?

M: I get on well with others, and my friends say I’m outgoing.

W: What kind of person would you like to work with?

M: I’d like to work with people who are honest, careful and friendly.

W: Could you tell me something about your interest?

M: I often listen to music and play basketball in my free time.

W: Ok, Thanks for your information.

M: Thank you.

【参考答案】67. doctor             68 – 70 略

【测量目标】能针对所听语段的内容记录简单信息。

【考试内容】个人情况

【预估难度】67. 0.84;             68 – 70 略

2. 基础知识与运用

例1

选择填空:从A、B、C中,选出一个最佳答案完成句子。

– Can you go to the movies with me this afternoon?

– Sorry. I’ve an ______ with my dentist. I’m going to see him.

A. entertainment                          B. agreement                            C. appointment

【正确选项】C

【测量目标】名词的灵活运用

【考试内容】邀请与婉拒

【预估难度】0.6

例2

完形填空:ABC,选择一个最佳答案,使短文意思完整。

If a man has a good appetite(食欲), it is thought that he is in good health. When we hear a sick man say “I am as   32   as a bear”, we are quite sure that he gets better now. It is a good thing to feel hungry.

In fact, that is the way in which the   33   rings the bell to tell us that it needs refueling(补充能量). If a sick man does not eat, he will grow thinner and   34   gradually until he is even unable to

  35   and at last he will die. That is what happens when people starve(饥饿)to   36  .

You should know the following things about   37   healthily. One of them is that you should eat enough vegetables and some fruits and drink four glasses of   38   between meals during the day. Next, eat   39   times a day at regular time if you are well. Eat   40   and chew the food until it is soft.

If you want to be healthy, chew slowly and carefully and   41   eating when you’re not feeling hungry. And do not eat too much.

32. A. angry                                     B. hungry                                          C. busy

33 – 41 略

【正确选项】B

【测量目标】在语境中恰当选用形容词

【考试内容】饮食与健康

【预估难度】0.84

    3. 阅读理解

例1

阅读下面短文,根据文章的内容选择最佳答案作答42–46小题。

A businessman walked into a bank in San Francisco and asked for the loan(贷款) officer. He said he would fly to Europe on business for two weeks and needed to borrow $7,000. The bank officer said the bank would need some kind of collateral(抵押品) for such a loan.

So the businessman handed over the key to a Rolls Royce parked on the street in front of the bank. Everything checked out, and the bank agreed to accept the car as collateral for the loan. An employee drove the Rolls into the bank’s underground garage and parked it there.

Two weeks later, the businessman returned, repaid the $7,000 and the interest, which came to $19.67. The loan officer said, “We are very happy to have had your business, and this business has worked out very nicely, but we are confused. While you were away, we checked you out and found that you are a millionaire. What confuses us is why you would bother to borrow $7,000.”

The businessman replied, “Where else in San Francisco can I park my car for two weeks for 20 dollars?”

42. The businessman gave a ______ to the bank as collateral.

   A. key                                 B. park                                  C. car

43 – 46 略

【正确选项】C

【测量目标】能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局。

【考试内容】幽默故事

【预估难度】0.57

    4. 情景交际运用

例1

根据对话情景,填入恰当的单词。(每空一词,每词1分,共6分)

A: Hey, Mark! Haven’t seen you for a long time.

B: Hi, Julie! It’s good to see you again. How’s it going?

A: Great. I just come back from a week’s 71.__________ in France.

B: Really? How was it?

A: Fantastic! I wouldn’t come back if I could.

B: But how could you 72.__________ to the people when you were in France?

A: Our tour guide translated every word for us. He can speak Chinese and 73.__________.

B: Did you see much of Paris?

A: Yes. I really 74.__________ the city. It’s quite beautiful and the people are very friendly.

B: What about the traffic in France? 

A: It’s 75.__________to take buses and subways to go everywhere at any time.

B: I don’t have much experience travelling to 76.__________ countries. I hope I can go abroad(出国)with you next time.

【参考答案】71. trip                  72 – 76 略

【测量目标】能根据某个话题进行恰当的情景交际对话。

【考试内容】旅游与交通

【预估难度】71. 0.39                72 – 76 略

例2

根据情景提示,用恰当的短语或句子填空。(每空2分,共8分)

* 你认为学生可以被允许带手机到学校吗?说说你的看法:

  77. ___________________________________________ to bring mobile phones to the school.

【参考答案】Students may be allowed

【测量目标】能就简单的话题提供信息,表达简单的观点和意见,参与讨论。

【考试内容】态度:能够和不能够

【预估难度】0.63

例3

根据语篇情景,用恰当的短语或句子填空,使之意思完整。(每空2分,共6分)

Jason is a nice boy. He came to our school this term. He is warm-hearted and always friendly to others. So he 81. ___________________________ his classmates now. Although he is not good at the schoolwork, he never 82.____________________________. With the help of teachers and classmates, he has made some progress this term.

He is an athletic person who is full of energy. Last month, he got two gold medals in 100-meter and 400-meter races in our school 83.______________________________. We were very proud of him and celebrated together.

【参考答案】81. gets on well with

【测量目标】能根据某个话题进行恰当的情景表述

【考试内容】个人情况

【预估难度】0.39

5. 书面表达

例1

段落编写(共10分)

    使用所给的词语,编写一个意义相对完整的语段。

    提示词:volunteer, spend, patient, feel, because

    要求:1. 使用全部提示词,并在语段中用下划波浪线“﹏﹏﹏”标出提示词;

          2. 语段具有一个相对合理的主题意义;

          3. 词数为50词左右,最多不超过80词。

【参考答案】略

【测量目标】能使用常见的连接词表示顺序和逻辑关系;能简单描述人物或事件;

【考试内容】人际交往

【预估难度】0.43

例2

XII. 短文写作。(本题15分)

假如你叫王晖,你的英国笔友Linda正在学习汉语,她来信希望你能给她一些汉语学习的建议。请根据下列提示和你学习外语的体会给Linda写一封回信(不少于80词)。

 

 

take notes

read Chinese magazines

    提示:

 

 

How do you learn Chinese well?

 

 

 

 

memorize the words of pop songs

……

 

 

 


 

【参考答案】略

【测量目标】能根据所给图示或表格写出简单的段落或操作说明。

【考试内容】语言学习

【预估难度】0.46

附录三、功能意念项目表

1.社会交往(Social Communications)

(1)问候(Greetings)

(2)介绍(Introduction)

(3)告别(Farewells)

(4)感谢(Thanks)

(5)道歉(Apologies)

(6)邀请(Invitation)

(7)请求允许(Asking for permission)

(8)祝愿和祝贺(Expressing wishes and congratulations)

(9)请求与提供帮助(Asking for and offering help)

(10)约会(Making appointments)

(11)打电话(Making telephone calls)

(12)就餐(Having meals)

(13)就医(Seeing the doctor)

(14)购物(Shopping)

(15)问路(Asking the way)

(16)谈论天气(Talking about weather)

(17)语言交际困难(Language difficulties in communication)

(18)提醒注意(Reminding)

(19)警告和禁止(Warning and prohibition)

(20)劝告(Advice)

(21)建议(Suggestions)

(22)接受与拒绝(Acceptance and Refusal)

2.态度(Attitudes)

(23)同意和不同意(Agreement and disagreement)

(24)喜欢和不喜欢(Likes and dislikes)

(25)肯定和不肯定(Certainty and uncertainty)

(26)可能和不可能(Possibility and impossibility)

(27)能够和不能够(Ability and inability)

(28)偏爱和优先选择(Preference)

(29)意愿和打算(Intention and plan)

(30)希望和愿望(Hope and wish)

(31)表扬和鼓励(Praise and encouragement)

(32)判断与评价(Judgement and evaluation)

3.情感(Emotions)

(33)高兴(Happiness)

(34)惊奇(Surprise)

(35)关切(Concern)

(36)安慰(Reassurance)

(37)满意(Satisfaction)

(38)遗憾(Regret)

4.时间(Time)

(39)时刻(Point of time)

(40)时段(Duration)

(41)频度(Frequency)

(42)顺序(Sequence)

5.空间(Space)

(43)位置(Position)

(44)方向(Direction)

(45)距离(Distance)

6.存在(Existence)

(46)存在与不存在(Existence and Non-existence)

7.特征(Features)

(47)形状(Shape)

(48)颜色(Colour)

(49)材料(Material)

(50)价格(Price)

(51)规格(Size)

(52)年龄(Age)

8.计量  (Measurement)

(53)长度(Length)

(54)宽度(Width)

(55)高度(Height)

(56)数量(Quantity)

(57)重量(Weight)

9.比较(Comparison)

(58)同级比较(Equal comparison)

(59)差别比较(Comparative and superlative)

(60)相似和差别(Similarity and difference)

10.逻辑关系(Logical relations)

(61)原因和结果(Cause and effect )

(62)目的(Purpose)

11.职业(Occupation)

(63)工作(Job)

(64)单位(Employer)

附录四、话题项目表

1.个人情况(Personal information

(1) 个人情况(Personal data)

(2) 家庭信息(Family data)

(3) 学校信息(School data)

(4) 兴趣与爱好(Interests and hobbies)

(5) 工作与职业(Jobs and careers)

2.家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)

(6) 家人和亲友(Family and relatives)

(7) 朋友(Friends)

(8) 其他人(Other people)

3.周围的环境(Personal environment)

(9) 房屋与住所(Kinds of homes)

(10) 居室(Rooms in homes)

(11) 家具和家庭用品(Furniture & household items)

(12) 社区(Community)

4.日常活动(Daily routines)

(13) 家庭生活(Life at home)

(14) 学校生活(School life)

(15) 周末活动(Weekend activities)

5.学校(School)

(16) 学校设施(School facilities)

(17) 学校人员(People at school)

(18) 学习科目(School subjects)

(19) 学校活动(School activities)

6.个人兴趣(Personal interests

(20) 游戏与休闲(Games and leisure)

(21) 爱好(Hobbies)

(22) 娱乐活动(Entertainments)

(23) 旅游(Tourism)

 

7.情感与情绪(Feelings and emotions

(24) 描述情感(Describing feelings)

(25) 表达情感(Expressing emotions)

8.人际交往(Interpersonal communications)

(26) 社会行为(Social behaviours)

(27) 合作与交流(Cooperation and communication)

9.计划与安排(Plans and arrangements

(28) 计划(Planning)

(29) 安排(Arranging)

10.节假日活动(Festivals, holidays and celebrations

(30) 节日与假日(Festivals and holidays)

(31) 个人庆典(Personal celebrations)

11.购物(Shopping)

(32) 计划(Planning)

(33) 商品(Products)

(34) 选择(Selecting)

(35) 付款(Paying)

(36) 个人喜好(Personal preference)

12.饮食(Food and drink )

(37) 食物(Food)

(38) 饮料(Drinks)

(39) 饮食习俗(Eating customs)

(40) 点餐(Ordering food and drink)

13.卫生与健康(Hygiene and health

(41) 身体部位(Parts of body)

(42) 体育健身(Physical fitness and exercise)

(43) 个人卫生(Personal hygiene)

(44) 疾病(Illnesses)

(45) 健康饮食(Health diet)

(46) 医疗(Medical care)

14.安全与救护(Safety and first aid)

(47) 安全守则(Safety rules)

(48) 意外(Accidents)

(49) 急救(First aid)

(50) 自我保护(Self protection)

15.  天气(Weather)

(51) 描述天气情况(Describing weather)

(52) 天气预报(Weather report)

(53) 衣着与天气(Dressing for the weather)

16.文娱与体育(Recreation and sports)

(54) 电影与戏剧(Movies and theatre)

(55) 音乐与舞蹈(Music and dance)

(56) 体育与赛事(Sports and matches)

17.旅游与交通(Travel and transport)

(57) 旅行(Travel)

(58) 交通运输方式(Modes of transportation)

(59) 问路(Asking the way)

(60) 交通标志(Road signs)

(61) 使用地图(Reading maps)

18.通讯(Communications)

(62) 写信(Writing letters)

(63) 打电话(Making phone calls)

(64) 使用互联网(Using the Internet)

19. 语言学习( Language learning)

(65) 语言学习经历(Language learning experiences)

(66) 语言与文化(Language and culture)

(67) 语言学习的策略(Language learning strategies)

(68) 体态语(Body language)

20.自然(Nature

(69) 动物和植物(Animals and plants)

(70) 山川与河流(Mountains and rivers)

(71) 季节(Seasons)

(72) 宇宙(Universe)

(73) 人与自然(Man and naure)

21.世界与环境(The world and the environment

(74) 国家与民族(Countries and nationalities)

(75) 环境保护(Environmental protection)

(76) 人口(Population)

22.科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and modern technology)

(77) 数字与数据(Numbers and data)

(78) 科普知识(Popular science)

(79) 发明与技术(Inventions and technological advances)

(80) 信息技术(Information technology)

23.历史与社会(History and society

(81) 中国历史与世界历史(History of China and the world)

(82) 著名人物(Famous people)

24.故事与诗歌(Stories and poems)

(83) 故事(Stories)

(84) 诗歌(Poems)

(85) 短剧(Short plays)

(86) 作家(Writers)

 

 

 

 

 

厦门市教育科学研究院基教室英语科

2012年4月